Topic ID #37648 - posted 11/18/2016 7:05 AM



ROMAN FORTRESS PULPON. The biggest building of roman Spain for the management the lapis specularis mines work.

Session: 2-22 August, 2017

The Roman Fortress Pulpon Field School offers a hands-on experience in excavation and laboratory at a Roman archaeological site. It is a most interesting Roman military settlement placed between the Roman cities of Segóbriga and Ercávica.

The highlight of the site is a quadrangular building of unknown function that could have served as a military garrison, as a horreum or as a place where lapis specularis, the first crystal known to be used in windows (Plinius. Nat. Hist. XXXVI, 161) was shaped. This brought economic prosperity to the region in the time of Augustus.
At the Roman Fortress Pulpon you will have a complete immersion in the archaeological process. You will be aware of the laws, regulations and protocols needed before starting a dig. We will tell you about the different methods in surveying: using maps, bibliography, local history, aerial and satellite photography and field walking.
You will be learning the methods and techniques of an archaeological excavation, using tools, of course, but also working with stratigraphy, using record sheets and writing down an excavation diary. Collecting, cleaning and classifying different artifacts will be part of your daily work as well as drawing structures and archaeological materials.

The Roman Fortress Pulpon is a Roman site located in Carrascosa del Campo, (Cuenca). Its highlight, a large building perfectly visible in the aerial and satellite photographs. This building is one of the largest structures among Roman remains in Spain.
It was discovered in 1973 by a team from the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada, led by M. M. Sadek. They could not determine the exact functionality nor the chronology of this building. Since then some hypothesis have been made, like the one that says that it could have been a military camp or a place related with the shaping of the famous lapis specularis.
Forty years later we have decided to investigate this building in detail. Its dimensions are 90x75m, its exterior walls are made of concrete and it presents four towers of the same material in its corners. On the East side a series of pillars built with sandstone blocks were discovered, which may reach up to 5m of height. This could have been the main entrance of the building. Our first goal was to investigate the context of the structure. To reach this objective we carried on an intensive survey, which revealed the existence of a settlement of 15-17 hectares, unnoticed until now that will help us understand the great building.

Romans in the Iberian Peninsula
Roman architecture and constructive methods in the Roman world
Stratigraphy and archaeological record
Archaeological drawing - ceramics
Archaeological drawing - structures and straight cuts
Roman ceramic
Roman mines of Lapis specularis
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